Bahrain

Council of Representatives

Political system
Monarchy
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
62
(2022)

Notes: Total laws include both decrees and bills adopted by the Parliament.

Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
131
(2022-06 - 2022-10)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
11
(2022-06 - 2022-10)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
114
(2022-06 - 2022-10)
Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature
8%
(2022-06 - 2022-10)
Dates of the previous legislature
12 Dec 2018 to 01 Jun 2022
(2022-06 - 2022-10)
Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation
The legislation cannot be adopted unless both chambers agree

Sources:

Constitution, Art. 70 & 81-85

Should the two Chambers disagree over a bill twice, both chambers of the National Assembly, presided over by the President of the Chamber of Deputies, shall convene for deliberation on the disputed clauses, and the bill shall require the approval of the majority of the members of the National Assembly present. If the bill is rejected in this manner, it may not be submitted to the National Assembly again during the same legislative session.

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State
Yes

Sources: Constitution, Art. 35

Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
No information available
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation
The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree
Parliament

Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation

Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No