Brazil

Chamber of Deputies

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Congresso nacional (National Congress)
Chamber name
Cámara dos Deputados (Chamber of Deputies)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1925
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title
President of the Chamber of Deputies
Speaker
Arthur César Pereira de Lira (Male)
Date of birth: 25 Jun 1969
Term
01 Feb 2021
Additional information

Elected on 1 Feb. 2021, re-elected on 1 Feb. 2023.

Speaker terms

No information available

Sources: Constitution, art. 57(4)

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Lucas Ribeiro Almeida Júnior (Male)
Term
01 Mar 2024
Notes

Appointed on 1 March 2024.

Official title
Director-General
Secretary General
Celso de Barros Correia Neto (Male)
Term
12 Feb 2021
Notes

Appointed on 12 February 2021.

Members

Statutory number of members
513
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
513
Current number of members
513
Men
423
Women
90
Percentage of women
17.5%
Statutory number of members per country 
594
Population (in thousands)
214,326
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
360,818

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
51.4
(2023-02)
Youngest member
Ícaro de Valmir (Male)
Youngest member (years)
22
Oldest member
Luiza Erundina (Female)
Oldest member (years)
88
Number of members, by age (2023-02)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 12 73 60 61 106 85 25 1 0 423
Female 0 8 24 12 13 21 8 2 2 0 90
Totals per age interval 0 20 97 72 74 127 93 27 3 0 513
Total <= 45: 189 Total >= 46: 324
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
3.9% 2.3% 1.6%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
22.8% 17% 6.2%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
36.8% 28% 8.6%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Legislated candidate quotas. Electoral law guarantees that lists contain a minimum of 30% and a maximum of 70% of candidates of each sex.

Sources: Law 9.504/1997 amended by law 12.034/2009, Article 10 (3). https://www.idea.int/data-tools/data/gender-quotas/country-view/68/35

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No