Brazil

Chamber of Deputies

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
Date of end of mandate
Not applicable

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Third

Notes: In the event of an impediment of the President and of the Vice-President, or of vacancy of the respective offices, the President of the Chamber of Deputies, the President of the Senate and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Federal Court shall be called successively to exercise the Presidency.

Sources: Constitution, art. 80

Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
No

Notes: The mandate of the Speaker can continue between legislatures if the Speaker is re-elected. However, there is a limitation on the number of elections that a person can be a candidate.

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
2 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
1 February (every two years)

Sources: Constitution, art. 57(4)

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto

Notes: From the date of issuance of the certificate of election victory, the members of the National Congress may not be arrested, except in flagrante delicto of a non-bailable offense. In such case, the case records shall be sent within twenty-four hours to the respective House, which, by the vote of the majority of its members, shall decide on the arrest.

Sources: Constitution, art. 53(2)

There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
541,462 BRL
(2023)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
209,869
(2023)
Basic allowances
No information available
Names of the basic allowances
No information available
Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No information available
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
No

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
Yes
Housing
Yes
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes: Airline tickets; phone calls; postal services; subscription of publications; parliamentarian meals; lodging; other travel expenses (rental or chartering of aircraft, motor vehicles and vessels, taxi, toll and parking services, and land, sea, or river crossings); fuels and lubricants; security services; consultancies and technical works; parliamentary activity communication; Members´ registration fee in courses, lectures, seminars, symposia, congresses or similar events.

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker
Committee Chair
Salary of the Speaker
No information available
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

The National Congress through a legislative decree.

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

Most are determined by Resolutions voted in the Senate Plenary or by Acts of Senate authorities. Per diem is determined by Legislative Decree, approved by the Senate Plenary.

Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Other

Notes: Member salaries cannot exceed the constitutional salary ceiling (the salary paid to the Justices of the Federal Supreme Court).

Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website
Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Can be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
Members for whom data is available
513
(2023)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No