Brazil

Federal Senate

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Congresso nacional (National Congress)
Chamber name
Senado Federal (Federal Senate)
Structure & status of parliament
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
8

Notes: Parliamentary term: 8 years; one-third and two-thirds is renewed alternately every 4 years

Frequency of renewal (years)
2

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1925
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title
President of the Federal Senate
Speaker
Rodrigo Otavio Soares Pacheco (Male)
Date of birth: 03 Nov 1976
Term
01 Feb 2021
Additional information

Elected on 1 Feb. 2021, re-elected on 1 Feb. 2023.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General of the Senate
Secretary General
Gustavo Afonso Sabóia Vieira (Male)
Term
07 Apr 2021
Notes

Appointed on 7 April 2021.

Official title
Director-General
Secretary General
Ilana Trombka (Female)
Term
11 May 2015
Notes

Appointed on 11 May 2015.

Members

Statutory number of members
81
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
81
Current number of members
81
Men
67
Women
14
Percentage of women
17.3%
Statutory number of members per country 
594
Population (in thousands)
214,326
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
360,818

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
58.7
(2023-02)
Youngest member
Irajá Silvestre Filho (Male)
Youngest member (years)
39
Oldest member
Jarbas de Andrade Vasconcelos (Male)
Oldest member (years)
80
Number of members, by age (2023-02)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 0 2 9 8 20 18 12 0 0 69
Female 0 0 0 1 2 4 2 3 0 0 12
Totals per age interval 0 0 2 10 10 24 20 15 0 0 81
Total <= 45: 12 Total >= 46: 69
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
2.5% 2% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
14.8% 14% 1.2%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
No
Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No