Brazil

Federal Senate

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Oversight

Oversight tools

Parliament/Chamber has the power to summon members of the government
Yes

Sources: Constitution, art. 58

Parliament/chamber has the power to summon senior government officials
No
Parliament has the power to approve key government appointments
Yes

Sources:

Constitution, art. 45

The Federal Senate has the competence to give prior consent, by secret voting, after public hearing, on the selection of:

a) judges, in the cases established in this Constitution;

b) Justices of the Federal Audit Court appointed by the President of the Republic;

c) Governor of a territory;

d) President and directors of the Central Bank;

e) Attorney-General of the Republic.

Approximate number of government appointments subject to parliamentary approval
72
Parliament/chamber has the power to approve key government appointments
Yes
Number of written questions asked, per year
66
(2022)
Number of written questions answered by the government, per year
63
(2022)
Percentage of written questions answered by the government, per year
95.5%
(2022)
Parliament/chamber has power to carry out inquiries
Yes

Sources: Laws 1579/52; 10.001/00 and LC 105/01

Number of parliamentary inquiries, per year
1
(2022)

Head of State and/or Government

Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of Government
Parliament does not play a role

Sources: Brazilian Federal Constitution

The Head of Government is also the Head of State
Yes
Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of State
Parliament does not play a role

Impeachment and confidence motions

Parliament is automatically dissolved when a motion of no confidence is adopted
Not applicable
Chambers that can be dissolved when a motion of no confidence is adopted
Not applicable

Impeachment procedure

There is a procedure for parliament to dismiss or impeach the following persons/institution
The Head of Government
The Head of State
Individual members of the Executive
Other
Chambers that play a role in the dismissal or impeachment
Lower chamber
Upper chamber

Notes:

Legal proceedings and trials can be held for crimes of malversation for:

- the President and Vice-President of the Republic

- Ministers of State and the Commanders of the Navy, the Army, and the Air Force

- Justices of the Supreme Federal Court, members of the National Council of Justice, and of the National Council of the Public Prosecution, the Attorney-General of the Republic, and the Advocate-General of the Union

Sources: Brazilian Federal Constitution, art. 51-52

No confidence processes

There is a procedure for parliament to express no confidence in the following persons/institution
Not applicable (there is no procedure)
Chambers that play a role in motions of no confidence
Not applicable

Sources: There is "no motion of no confidence" in the Brazilian Constitution.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No