Canada

Senate

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
21
(2022)

Notes: This represents the number of Acts of the Parliament of Canada by calendar year, including Public General Acts and Private Acts.

Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
40
(2019-12 - 2021-08)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
8
(2019-12 - 2021-08)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
32
(2019-12 - 2021-08)
Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature
20%
(2019-12 - 2021-08)
Dates of the previous legislature
05 Dec 2019 to 15 Aug 2021
(2019-12 - 2021-08)
Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation
The legislation cannot be adopted unless both chambers agree

Sources: A bill can become law only once the same text has been approved by both Houses of Parliament and has received royal assent.

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State
Yes

Sources: Section 55 of the Constitution Act 1867, affirms that the Governor General can withhold Royal Assent, but convention dictates that a Governor General will always give assent to a bill which has passed both houses of Parliament.

Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
0
(2022)
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation
Not applicable
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree
Not applicable

Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation

Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No