Congo

National Assembly

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Data on women

Information on the current and historical representation of women in the parliament. Consult the 'Elections' tab to see how women have fared in elections or renewals.

Current representation

Women's representation in the current parliament or chamber

Current number of members
151
Women
22
Percentage of women
14.6%

Speaker

No information available

Secretary general

Secretary General
Sylviana Emeline Okoua Obondzo Oko (Female)

Chairs of specialized bodies

Specialized body Theme Name Sex Age
Health, Social Affairs, Family and Gender Commission Gender equality Virginia Euphrasie Dollama Female -

Data on age at the start of the legislature

Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male No information available
Female
Total <= 45: - Total >= 46: -
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
- - -

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: The list of candidates for elections to the National Assembly and the Senate, submitted by political parties or groups, must take into account the representation of women so that women make up at least 30% of the candidates.

Sources: The Electoral Law (Loi électorale) as amended by Act No. 40-2014 of 1 September 2014. The Act was enacted by the President of the Republic on 1 September 2014, and published in the official journal (Journal Officiel de la Republique du Congo) on 4 September 2014.

First woman in parliament

Year of first woman in parliament
1963

Notes: 1963: Not clear how many got elected and appointed

First woman speaker

Year of first woman speaker
Not applicable

Notes: No woman has occupied the function of Speaker in the country.

Women’s suffrage

Date of independence
1960
Women’s right to vote
1960
Restricted or universal suffrage
Restricted
Detail of restrictions
Universal suffrage was granted for Europeans and literate Africans only. In 1951 the right to vote was extended to all those with a credible titre d'identité
Women’s right to vote
1961
Restricted or universal suffrage
Universal

Notes: Prior to independence, under French administration, Congolese women acquired the right to vote under the 29 August 1947 law (N° 47-1629) on territorial assemblies. This electoral system was renewed in 1952 and eventually replaced in 1957 when the framework law (Loi-cadre Deferre) of 1956 was entered into force. According to the CEDAW report, article 4 of the 2 March 1961 Constitution recognized the aforementioned rights.

Women's right to stand for election
1963
Restricted or universal
No information available

Notes: The right for women to stand for election was recognized by the Constitution adopted on 8 December 1963.

Women's caucus

Women's caucuses or parliamentary groups that bring together women parliamentarians to strengthen cooperation and amplify their voices. For other parliamentary bodies or committees that have a specific mandate to address gender equality matters, see the ‘Specialized body – Gender equality’ tab.

There is currently no women's caucus in this chamber.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No