Switzerland

National Council

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
22 Oct 2023
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections
31 Oct 2027
Number of seats at stake
200
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election
-

Notes: A total of 618 lists were submitted in 2023, of which 553 by 15 parties which have already been represented at the National Council. The remaining 65 lists were submitted by other parties and groups which have never been represented at the National Council.

Total number of candidates
5,909
Number of male candidates
3,501
Number of female candidates
2,408
Percentage of women candidates
40.8%

Voter turnout

Registered voters
5,583,221
Voters
2,604,984
Voter turnout
46.7%

Results

About the election

No political party secured an overall majority in the 200-member National Council. The two largest parties in the outgoing legislature increased their share of seats. The Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC), led by Mr. Marco Chiesa, won 62 seats (up from 54 in 2019) and the Socialist Party (SP/PS), led by Ms. Mattea Meyer, won 41 seats (up from 39). The Centre Party (see note 1), led by Mr. Gerhard Pfister, came third with 29. On the other hand, both the Green Party (GPS/PES, led by Mr. Balthasar Glättli) and the Liberal Green Party (GLP/PVL, led by Mr. Jürg Grossen) lost their share of seats. The number of women elected to the National Council decreased from 84 in 2019 (42%) to 77 in 2023 (38.5%).

In elections to the 46-member Council of States, the Centre Party and FDP/The Liberals (FDP/PLR) won the most seats – 15 and 11 respectively. Run-off elections were held in each canton on various dates and concluded on 19 November.

The key electoral issues included asylum and immigration policies, a rise in mandatory health insurance fees, and energy supply. Climate change and environmental issues, which had dominated the 2019 elections, kept a low profile in 2023.

Note 1:

The Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC) and the Conservative Democratic Party (BDP/PBD), which jointly took 28 seats in the 2019 elections, formed the Centre Party in 2021.

Note 2:

Since 1959, the Federal Council has comprised representatives of the four major parties: two seats each for the SVP/UDC, the SP/PS and the FDP/PLR, and one seat for the CVP/PDC, which has now become the Centre Party.

Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
31.0%

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC) 62
Socialist Party (SP/PS) 41
Centre Party 29
FDP/The Liberals (FDP/PLR) 28
Green Party (GPS/PES) 23
Liberal Green Party (GLP/PVL) 10
Federal Democratic Union (EDU) 2
Evangelical People's Party (EVP/PEV) 2
Geneva Citizens' Movement (MCR/MCG) 2
Ticino League (Lega) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
123
Number of women elected
77
Percentage of women elected
38.5%
Women Directly Elected
77
Sources

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
123
Total number of women after the election
77
Percentage of women after the election
38.5%
First-term parliamentarians
54
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
27.0%
Date of the first session
04 Dec 2023

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Eric Nussbaumer (Male)
Date of birth: 11 Jul 1960
Political party
Socialist Party (SP/PS)
Date of election
04 Dec 2023

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No