Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Congreso Nacional (National Congress)
Chamber name
Senado (Senate)
Structure & status of parliament
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
8

Notes: Parliamentary term: 8 years; one half of the membership is renewed every 4 years

Frequency of renewal (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1958 to 1972
from 1990
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title
President of the Senate
Speaker
José García Ruminot (Male)
Date of birth: 22 May 1955
Term
19 Mar 2024
Additional information

Elected on 19 March 2024.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General (Secretario general)
Secretary General
Raúl Guzmán Uribe (Male)
Term
No information available

Members

Statutory number of members
50
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
50
Current number of members
50
Men
37
Women
13
Percentage of women
26.0%
Statutory number of members per country 
205
Population (in thousands)
19,493
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
95,088

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
56.2
(2022-03)
Youngest member
Maria Jose Gatica Bertin (Female)
Youngest member (years)
38
Oldest member
Jorge Soria Quiroga (Male)
Oldest member (years)
85
Number of members, by age (2022-03)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 0 1 5 3 13 13 2 1 0 38
Female 0 0 3 0 3 5 0 1 0 0 12
Totals per age interval 0 0 4 5 6 18 13 3 1 0 50
Total <= 45: 9 Total >= 46: 41
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
8.0% 2% 6.0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
18.0% 12% 6.0%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Voluntary political party quotas.

Sources: Individual party statutes.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No