Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Oversight

Oversight tools

Parliament/Chamber has the power to summon members of the government
Yes

Sources: Constitution, art 37 §2

Parliament/chamber has the power to summon senior government officials
No information available
Parliament has the power to approve key government appointments
Yes

Sources: Constitution, art 53 §9

Parliament/chamber has the power to approve key government appointments
Yes
Number of written questions asked, per year
Click for historical data
Number of written questions answered by the government, per year
Click for historical data
Percentage of written questions answered by the government, per year
Click for historical data
Parliament/chamber has power to carry out inquiries
Yes

Sources: Constitution, art. 52

Number of parliamentary inquiries, per year
Click for historical data

Head of State and/or Government

Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of Government
No information available
The Head of Government is also the Head of State
Yes
Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of State
Other

Notes:

The Qualifying Tribunal of Elections communicates [to] the President of the Senate the proclamation of the President-elect.

The Plenary Congress then meets in a public session to take cognizance of the resolution by virtue of which the Qualifying Tribunal of Elections proclaims the President elected.

Sources: Constitution, art. 27

Impeachment and confidence motions

Parliament is automatically dissolved when a motion of no confidence is adopted
Not applicable
Chambers that can be dissolved when a motion of no confidence is adopted
Not applicable

Impeachment procedure

There is a procedure for parliament to dismiss or impeach the following persons/institution
The Head of Government
The Head of State
Individual members of the Executive
Other
Chambers that play a role in the dismissal or impeachment
Lower chamber
Upper chamber

Notes:

Magistrates of the superior tribunals of justice

Comptroller General of the Republic

Generals or admirals of the institutions belonging to the Forces of National Defense

Intendants, governors, and the authority that exercises the Government in the special territories

Sources:

Constitution, art. 52(2) and 53

Organic Law No. 18.918 of the National Congress

Rules of Procedure of the Chamber of Deputies

Rule of Procedure of the Senate

No confidence processes

There is a procedure for parliament to express no confidence in the following persons/institution
Not applicable (there is no procedure)
Chambers that play a role in motions of no confidence
Not applicable

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No