China

National People's Congress

Political system
Communist system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Historical data on women

Data on women’s right to vote and to stand for election, the date at which the first woman entered parliament, and female Heads of State or Government

Women's suffrage

Year of first woman in parliament
1954
Year of first woman speaker
Not applicable

Notes: No woman has occupied the function of Speaker in the country.

Women’s right to vote

Women’s right to vote
1946
National or local
National
Restricted or universal suffrage
Universal
Women’s right to vote
1949
National or local
National
Restricted or universal suffrage
Universal

Notes: 1949 corresponds to the proclamation of the Common Program of the CPPCC. The Electoral Law of 1953 confirmed universal suffrage

Women’s right to stand for election

Women's right to stand for election
1946
National or local
National
Restricted or universal
Universal
Women's right to stand for election
1949
National or local
National
Restricted or universal
Universal

Notes: 1949 corresponds to the proclamation of the Common Program of the CPPCC. The Electoral Law of 1953 then confirmed the equal political rights of both men and women

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No