Colombia

House of Representatives

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Congreso (Congress)
Chamber name
Cámara de Representantes (House of Representatives)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1931 to 1934
from 1973 to 1976
from 1979
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Andrés David Calle Aguas (Male)
Date of birth: 27 Dec 1991
Term
20 Jul 2023 to 20 Jul 2024

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Jaime Lacouture (Male)
Term
20 Jul 2022
Notes

Elected on 20 July 2022.

Members

Statutory number of members
187

Notes:

Others:

- 5 members of the Comunes (formerly FARC);

- 16 members elected from Special Transitional Peace Constituencies (CITREP), established for two legislatures (2022-2026 and 2026-2030)

- The running mate of the runner-up in the presidential election.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
165
Other members
22
Current number of members
187
Men
133
Women
54
Percentage of women
28.9%
Statutory number of members per country 
295
Population (in thousands)
51,517
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
Click for historical data

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
44.3
(2022-07)
Youngest member
Miguel Abraham Polo Polo (Male)
Youngest member (years)
26
Oldest member
Óscar Darío Pérez Pineda (Male)
Oldest member (years)
69
Number of members, by age (2022-07)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 7 47 25 19 18 12 0 0 0 128
Female 0 5 15 14 3 7 6 0 0 0 50
Totals per age interval 0 12 62 39 22 25 18 0 0 0 178
Total <= 45: 113 Total >= 46: 65
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
6.7% 3.9% 2.8%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
41.6% 30% 11.2%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
63.5% 44% 19.1%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Indigenous peoples
1
Minorities
2
Other groups
-

Notes: 2

Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: For lists submitted for election of 5 or more seats, at least 30% of candidates of each gender must be included. Political parties decide themselves whether their lists shall be open or closed. Candidate lists that do not comply with the legal requirements, including the gender quota requirement, shall be rejected.

Sources: Constitution, art. 176; Electoral Law 1475 of 2011, Article 28 (1), Article 32.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No