Costa Rica

Legislative Assembly

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Openness and transparency

Information about access to parliamentary documents, parliament’s reporting to the public, parliament’s relation to Freedom of Information laws, and lobbying.

Parliamentary documents

The agendas of plenary meetings are published online in advance
All
The agendas of committee meetings are published online in advance
All
Results of votes on draft legislation are published on the parliamentary web site
All
Draft legislation is published on the parliamentary website
All
Citizens can submit comments on draft legislation on the parliamentary web site
No

Annual reporting by parliament

Parliament publishes an annual report on its activities
The annual report is available on the parliamentary web site
Yes
Parliament publishes the parliamentary budget
Yes
Level of detail of the parliamentary budget made available to the public
The complete budget
The parliamentary budget is available on the parliamentary web site
Yes

Access to parliament

Plenary meetings are open to the public
Yes

Notes:

Confidential voting sessions can be held when no less than two-thirds of the representatives are present.

To gain access visitors must provide appropriate identity documents, observe visiting hours, be unarmed, behave appropriately, be at least 12 years of age, and, if under 18, be accompanied by an adult.

The President of the Assembly can adopt provisions to ensure security and order in the parliament. (Constitution, art. 117; Rules of the Legislative Assembly, art. 103, 104, 191).

Committee meetings are open to the public
Yes

Notes:

The same as for access to plenary sessions, subject to a maximum of 15 visitors in the case of committee meetings. A committee chair can declare sessions closed if deemed necessary.

In addition, the Commission of Honours deliberates in confidential sessions, and voting for the granting of honorific titles is closed. (Rules of the Legislative Assembly, art. 75, 198, 200).

There is a dedicated channel for broadcasting parliamentary meetings
Yes
Media used for the dedicated channel
TV
Radio
Webcast
Meetings broadcast on the dedicated channel
Plenary sittings
Committee meetings

Freedom of information

There is a freedom of information law in the country
Yes
Parliament is subject to the freedom of information law
Yes
Parliament has an office/division dedicated to FOI requests
Yes
Categories of Information that are exempt from disclosure

Article 30 of the Constitution guarantees free access to the administrative departments for obtaining information in the public interest. In May 2022, the legislature passed a Law on Access to Public Information, though the extent of exemptions that apply were still under consideration as of November 2022. Publicly accessible information includes all documents of a public nature in the possession of administrative bodies, with the exception of those declared to be State secrets or whose publication could undermine security, among other exemptions.

Confidential votes to bestow honorary titles in the parliament are also exempt from disclosure. See also Rules of the Legislative Assembly, Special Procedures, art. 200 and 201; Rules of the Legislative Assembly, art. 191.

Bill No. 20,361 - http://proyectos.conare.ac.cr/asamblea/20361%20texto%20base.htm

Bill No. 23,113, https://www.analiticaconsultores.net/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/23113-1.pdf

Lobbying

There are rules about the activities of lobbyists in parliament
No
There is a register of accredited lobbyists
No

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No