Ecuador

National Assembly

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Asamblea Nacional (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Asamblea Nacional (National Assembly)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1931 to 1932
from 1979
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title
President of the National Assembly
Speaker
Henry Kronfle (Male)
Date of birth: 12 May 1972
Term
17 Nov 2023
Additional information

Elected on 17 Nov. 2023.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Alejandro Muñoz Hidalgo (Male)
Term
17 Nov 2023
Notes

Appointed on 17 Nov. 2023.

Members

Statutory number of members
137
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
137
Current number of members
137
Men
78
Women
59
Percentage of women
43.1%
Population (in thousands)
17,798
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
129,912

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
46.2
(2021-05 - 2023-07)
Youngest member
Nathaly Estefania Farinango Delgado (Female)
Youngest member (years)
23
Number of members, by age (2021-05 - 2023-07)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 3 16 15 14 23 10 2 0 0 83
Female 0 4 23 13 6 6 2 0 0 0 54
Totals per age interval 0 7 39 28 20 29 12 2 0 0 137
Total <= 45: 74 Total >= 46: 63
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
5.1% 2.2% 2.9%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
33.6% 14% 19.7%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
54.0% 25% 29.2%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Legislated candidate quotas. For the elections through the system of proportional representation, the names of men and women candidates shall alternate. Candidate lists for elections to the National Assembly, the Andean and Latin American Parliament, the regional councils, as well as the district, municipal and rural councils, shall be formed with an equal number sequence (woman–man or man–woman) to complete the total number of principal and alternative candidates.

Sources: Constitution, art. 116; Electoral Law 2009, art. 99 (1) and 160.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No