Estonia

The Estonian Parliament

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Riigikogu (The Estonian Parliament)
Chamber name
Riigikogu (The Estonian Parliament)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1928 to 1938
from 1991
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title
President of the Riigikogu
Speaker
Lauri Hussar (Male)
Date of birth: 04 Sep 1973
Term
10 Apr 2023
Additional information

Elected on 10 April 2023, re-elected on 4 April 2024.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Notes: According to § 6 (1) of the Riigikogu Rules of Procedure and Internal Rules Act, the President and the two Vice Presidents of the Riigikogu are elected at the first sitting of the new Riigikogu. Thereafter, regular elections of the President and Vice Presidents of the Riigikogu are held at the last sitting of the working week of the Riigikogu plenary that precedes the passing of one year since the previous regular election of the President and Vice Presidents of the Riigikogu.

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Antero Habicht (Male)
Term
12 Jan 2022
Notes

12 Jan. 2022 - 11 Jan 2027

Members

Statutory number of members
101
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
101
Current number of members
101
Men
71
Women
30
Percentage of women
29.7%
Population (in thousands)
1,329
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
13,158

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
50.5
(2023-04)
Youngest member
Kisto-Enn Vaga (Male)
Youngest member (years)
26
Oldest member
Enn Eesmaa (Male)
Oldest member (years)
76
Number of members, by age (2023-04)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 3 10 16 8 20 10 4 0 0 71
Female 0 1 4 4 9 6 6 0 0 0 30
Totals per age interval 0 4 14 20 17 26 16 4 0 0 101
Total <= 45: 38 Total >= 46: 63
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
4.0% 3.0% 1.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
17.8% 13% 5.0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
37.6% 29% 8.9%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
No
Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No