Egypt

House of Representatives

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Chamber name
Majlis Al-Nuwab (House of Representatives)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1924 to 2012
from 2016
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
African Group
Arab group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Hanafy Gibaly (Male)
Date of birth: 14 Jul 1949
Term
12 Jan 2021
Additional information

Elected on 12 Jan. 2021.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Ahmed Manna (Male)
Term
17 Jan 2021
Notes

Appointed on 17 Jan. 2021.

Members

Statutory number of members
596

Notes: Appointed members: appointed by the President.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
568
Appointed members
28
Current number of members
592
Men
428
Women
164
Percentage of women
27.7%
Statutory number of members per country 
896
Population (in thousands)
109,262
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
121,944

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Youngest member
Fatma Ahmed Mohsen Mubarak (Female)
Youngest member (years)
25
Oldest member
Farida Ahmed Taher Malak (Female)
Oldest member (years)
82
Number of members, by age (2021-01)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 3 72 51 60 147 80 14 1 0 428
Female 0 11 38 20 21 46 22 4 2 0 164
Totals per age interval 0 14 110 71 81 193 102 18 3 0 592
Total <= 45: 195 Total >= 46: 397
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
2.4% 0.5% 1.9%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
20.9% 13% 8.3%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
32.9% 21% 11.7%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Other groups
-

Notes:

Article 11 of the Constitution says that the State shall take the necessary measures to ensure the appropriate representation of women in the House of Representatives, as specified by Law.

Provisions were previously outlined in the 2015 Elections Law, but in 2019, amendments were made to the Constitution noting that one-fourth of all seats in the lower house are reserved for women (Article 102(1).

Electoral quota for women
No
Youth quota
Yes

Notes: Legislated Quota. Electoral lists consisting of 15 seats contain 2 seats for young people (25-35) and electoral lists consisting of 45 seats contain 6 seats for young people.

Sources: Electoral law adopted in 2014.

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
No information available
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution
No information available

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No