Spain

Congress of Deputies

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Las Cortes Generales (The Cortes)
Chamber name
Congreso de los Diputados (Congress of Deputies)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1889
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title
President of the Congress of Deputies
Speaker
Francina Armengol (Female)
Date of birth: 11 Aug 1971
Term
17 Aug 2023
Additional information

Elected on 17 Aug. 2023.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Fernando Galindo (Male)
Term
03 Nov 2023
Notes

Elected on 3 Nov. 2023.

Members

Statutory number of members
350
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
350
Current number of members
350
Men
195
Women
155
Percentage of women
44.3%
Statutory number of members per country 
615
Population (in thousands)
47,487
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
77,215

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
51.5
(2023-08)
Youngest member
Ada Santana Ruiz (Female)
Youngest member (years)
25
Oldest member
Cristina Narbona Ruiz (Female)
Oldest member (years)
71
Number of members, by age (2023-08)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 4 24 23 36 79 27 2 0 0 195
Female 0 3 23 20 26 62 21 0 0 0 155
Totals per age interval 0 7 47 43 62 141 48 2 0 0 350
Total <= 45: 97 Total >= 46: 253
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
2.0% 1.1% 0.9%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
15.4% 8% 7.4%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
27.7% 15% 13.1%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Legislated candidate quotas. Candidate lists must have a balanced proportion of women and men, so that candidates of either sex make up at least 40% of total membership. Where the number of seats to be covered is less than five, the balance between women and men shall be as even as possible.

Sources: Section 44 of Electoral Law (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General).

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No