Spain

Congress of Deputies

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
28 Apr 2019
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
05 Mar 2019
Timing of election
Early elections
Number of seats at stake
350
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Candidates

The number of candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Yes
The number of women candidates is not available from authoritative sources.
Yes

Results

About the election

Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez’s Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) became the largest party in both chambers of the Cortes but fell short of the majority, taking 123 seats in the 350-member Congress of Deputies and 121 seats in the 265-member Senate (of whom 208 are directly elected). The People's Party (PP, the largest party in the outgoing legislature now led by Mr. Pablo Casado) saw its share more than halved in both chambers, taking 66 Deputy seats and 56 Senate seats. The Ciudadanos ("Citizens", C's, led by Mr. Albert Rivera) came third in the Congress of Deputies before the Podemos ("We Can") - IU (United Left) – EQUO, led by Mr. Pablo Iglesias. The Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) - Sovereigntists (Sobiranistes), a pro-independence Catalan party, took a total of 26 seats in the Cortes, thereby becoming the largest Catalan party in the new legislature. A record 166 women were elected to the Congress of Deputies (47.4%), up from 137 (39.1%) elected in 2016.

The early elections in April 2019 were the first to be held under Prime Minister Sánchez (PSOE) who had had succeeded Mr. Mariano Rajoy (PP) in June 2018. The PSOE held only 85 of the 350 seats in the outgoing Congress and needed to rely on other parties to govern. On 15 February 2019, Prime Minister Sánchez called early elections after his government failed to pass the budget law in Parliament. During election campaigning, the major parties focused on immigration, unemployment, corruption and Catalan independence. The April 2019 elections – the third elections in four years – triggered prolonged coalition talks. The talks between PSOE and Podemos did not bear fruit before the deadline of 23 September to form a government, prompting King Felipe VI to call a snap election in November.

Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
35.1%
Alternation of power after elections
Not applicable

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 123
People's Party (PP) 66
Ciudadanos (Citizens", C's) 57
Podemos (We Can") - IU (United Left) - EQUO 35
Vox 24
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) - Sovereigntists (Sobiranistes) 15
EN COMÚ PODEMEN (ECP) - Guanyem el Canvi 7
Junts per Catalunya (“Together for Catalonia”, JxCAT) - Junts 7
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 6
Unite Basque Country (Euskal Herria Bildueh Bildu, EH Bildu) 4
Canarian Coalition - Canarian Nationalist Party (CCa - PNC) 2
Navarra Suma (NA+) 2
Compromís 2019 1
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 1
Members elected, by sex
Women Directly Elected
166
Other notes on the elections

The Cortes were dissolved on 24 September 2019 in view of new early elections to be held on 10 November.

Between the dissolution and the convening of the newly elected legislature, the Permanent Deputation, which comprises a reduced number of members of parliament, assumes the legislative powers.

As at 27 September 2019, the Permanent Deputation of the Congress of Deputies comprised 137 members, 56 of whom were women.

Sources

Congress of Deputies (09.05.2019, 25.09.2019)

Ministry of Interior (https://www.resultados.eleccionesgenerales19.es)

BBC Monitoring

El País

euronews.com

theguardian.com

AFP

catalannews.com

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
184
Total number of women after the election
166
Percentage of women after the election
47.4%
First-term parliamentarians
220

Notes: New parliamentarians include those that were not members of the XII Legislature (July 2016- May 2019).

Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
62.9%
Date of the first session
21 May 2019

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Meritxell Batet (Female)
Date of birth: 1973
Political party
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Date of election
21 May 2019

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No