Congress of Deputies

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
IPU membership

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.


Election date(s)
10 Nov 2019
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Early elections
Number of seats at stake
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Voter turnout

Registered voters
Voter turnout


About the election

The second snap elections in 2019 returned a more fragmented parliament. Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez’s Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) remained the largest party in both chambers of the Cortes but failed to secure the majority again. It lost seats in both chambers, winning 120 seats in the 350-member Chamber of Deputies and 92 seats in the 265-member Senate (of whom 208 are directly elected). On the contrary, the People's Party (PP, led by Mr. Pablo Casado) increased its share in both chambers. The Vox, led by former PP member Mr. Santiago Abascal, became the third largest party, winning 52 deputy seats; twice more seats than Podemos ("We Can") – IU (United Left) led by Mr. Pablo Iglesias. Ciudadanos ("Citizens", C's) leader, Mr. Albert Rivera, resigned after the party lost 47 deputy seats (holding 10) and all directly elected senate seats. The newly elected Congress of Deputies re-elected Ms. Meritxell Batet (PSOE) as its Speaker while the Senate elected Ms. María Pilar Llop Cuenca, an indirectly elected senator from Madrid, as its new President.

During election campaigning, the major parties focused on reforms on the educational system, income and corporate taxes. The second snap elections in 2019 were held shortly after the Supreme Court ruling in October, which sentenced nine Catalan separatists to prison for their involvement in the 2017 independence bid. The court ruling triggered violent protests in Barcelona, with hundreds of people injured. On 27 October, thousands of people marched against Catalan independence, calling for unity. The major parties, including the PSOE, the PP and C’s backed the pro-union march.

Number of parties winning seats
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 120
People's Party (PP) 88
Vox 52
Podemos (We Can") - IU (United Left) 26
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) - Sovereigntists (Sobiranistes) 13
Ciudadanos (Citizens", C's) 10
Junts per Catalunya (“Together for Catalonia”, JxCAT) - Junts 8
EN COMÚ PODEMEN (ECP) - Guanyem el Canvi 7
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 7
Unite Basque Country (Euskal Herria Bildueh Bildu, EH Bildu) 5
Más País - EQUO 2
Popular Unity Candidacy - For Rupture (CUP - PR) 2
Podemos (We Can") - EU 2
Canarian Coalition - Canarian Nationalist Party - New Canaries (CCa - PNC - NC) 2
Navarra Suma (NA+) 2
Més Compromís 1
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 1
Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC) 1
¡Teruel Existe! 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
Number of women elected
Percentage of women elected
Women Directly Elected

IPU Group (05.12.2019)

Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) - Spanish National Statistical Institute (21.11.2019)


BBC Monitoring

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
Total number of women after the election
Percentage of women after the election
First-term parliamentarians
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
Date of the first session
03 Dec 2019

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Meritxell Batet (Female)
Date of birth: 1973
Political party
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)
Date of election
03 Dec 2019

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
List of values for 2020-09
List of values for 2019-04
List of values for 2018-06