Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
IPU membership

Data on women

Information on the current and historical representation of women in the parliament. Consult the 'Elections' tab to see how women have fared in elections or renewals.

Current representation

Women's representation in the current parliament or chamber

Current number of members
Percentage of women


Click for historical data

Secretary general

Secretary General
Sara Sieira Mucientes (Female)

Chairs of specialized bodies

Specialized body Theme Name Sex Age
Senate Equality Commission Gender equality Josefina Antonia Bueno Alonso Female 57
Committee on Social Rights Human rights Ana Belén Edo Gil Female 50
Committee on Rights of the Family, Child, and Adolescents Human rights María de los Ángeles Luna Morales Female 61
Committee for Comprehensive Disability Policies Human rights María Teresa Fernández Molina Female 46

Data on age at the start of the legislature

Number of members, by age (2023-08)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 5 11 11 21 49 46 5 0 0 148
Female 0 0 10 12 27 46 15 1 0 0 111
Totals per age interval 0 5 21 23 48 95 61 6 0 0 259
Total <= 45: 49 Total >= 46: 210
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
1.9% 1.9% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
10.0% 6% 3.9%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
18.9% 10% 8.5%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Electoral quota for women

Notes: Legislated candidate quotas. Candidate lists must have a balanced proportion of women and men, so that candidates of either sex make up at least 40% of total membership. Where the number of seats to be covered is less than five, the balance between women and men shall be as even as possible.

Sources: Section 44 of Electoral Law (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General).

First woman in parliament

Year of first woman in parliament

First woman speaker

Year of first woman speaker

Women’s suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Restricted or universal suffrage
Women's right to stand for election
Restricted or universal
No information available

Women's caucus

Women's caucuses or parliamentary groups that bring together women parliamentarians to strengthen cooperation and amplify their voices. For other parliamentary bodies or committees that have a specific mandate to address gender equality matters, see the ‘Specialized body – Gender equality’ tab.

There is currently no women's caucus in this chamber.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
List of values for 2020-09
List of values for 2019-04
List of values for 2018-06