Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the member is sworn in
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
Other

Notes: On the last day of the chamber’s term or the last day of the Senator's term.

Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Fourth
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
Yes

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
4 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
No information available

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto
There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
43,350 EUR
(2023)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
71,066
(2023)
Basic allowances
Click for historical data
Basic allowance in PPP
37,055
Names of the basic allowances

Representation allowance: €1,958.02 per month for Senators with constituencies outside of Madrid and €933.78 for those elected/appointed in Madrid.

Transport and parking expenses (plane, train, car or boat) and use of personal vehicle (€0.25/km) in relation to official duties. Members without an official vehicle are provided with a card to pay for taxi services within Madrid limited at €3000 annually.

Expenses for official travel authorized by parliament (€150/day abroad & €120/day within national territory and not including travel to parliamentary sittings).

Communications: corporate mobile phone, laptop computer, and tablet.

Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No information available
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
No information available
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
Yes

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
No
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes:

Staff for parliamentary groups (distributed by size of group)

Grants to parliamentary groups (fixed sum of €15,200/month per group + €1,900/month per Senator in the group)

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes Yes
Committee Chair No Yes

Notes:

Additional salary and allowances receive per month:

Speaker of the Senate

- Salary: € 3,337.33

- Representation allowance: € 4,871.81

- Eight staff

Deputy-Speakers:

- Additional salary: € 1,313.72

- Representation allowance: € 2,977.12

- Two assistants

Senate Secretaries:

- Additional salary: € 1,025.76

- Representation allowance: € 2,735.66

Parliamentary Group Spokesperson:

- Representation allowance: € 2,897.09

Parliamentary Group Deputy Spokespersons:

- Representation allowance: € 2,262.64

Commission Presidents:

- Representation allowance: € 1,551.74

Commission Vice Presidents:

- Representation allowance: € 1,134.52

Commission Secretary:

- Representation allowance: € 756.34

Commission Spokesperson:

- Representation allowance: € 1,134.52

Deputy-Commission Spokesperson:

- Representation allowance: € 756.34

Salary of the Speaker
No information available
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

Board (Mesa de la Camara)

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

Board (Mesa de la Camara)

Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
No
Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website
Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Can be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
Members for whom data is available
259
(2023)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No