Finland

Parliament

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Eduskunta - Riksdagen (Parliament)
Chamber name
Eduskunta - Riksdagen (Parliament)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1920
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of Parliament
Speaker
Jussi Kristian Halla-aho (Male)
Date of birth: 27 Apr 1971
Term
21 Jun 2023
Additional information

Elected on 21 June 2023, re-elected on 6 Feb. 2024.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Antti Pelttari (Male)
Term
No information available
Notes

Appointed on 5 Dec. 2023 effective from 1 Jan. 2024.

Members

Statutory number of members
200
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
200
Current number of members
200
Men
108
Women
92
Percentage of women
46.0%
Population (in thousands)
5,536
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
27,680

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
47.0
(2023-04)
Youngest member
Olga Oinas-Panuma (Female)
Youngest member (years)
24
Oldest member
Kimmo Kiljunen (Male)
Oldest member (years)
72
Number of members, by age (2023-04)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 4 26 15 21 23 17 2 0 0 108
Female 0 3 26 15 17 24 7 0 0 0 92
Totals per age interval 0 7 52 30 38 47 24 2 0 0 200
Total <= 45: 89 Total >= 46: 111
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
3.5% 2.0% 1.5%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
29.5% 15% 14.5%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
44.5% 23% 22.0%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
No
Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No