Finland

Parliament

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
188
(2023)

Notes: Figures correspond to the parliamentary year, not the calendar year, e.g. from 1 February 2022 to 4 April 2023.

Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
3,149
(2023-04 - 2023-05)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
19
(2023-04 - 2023-05)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
3,130
(2023-04 - 2023-05)
Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature
1%
(2023-04 - 2023-05)
Dates of the previous legislature
17 Apr 2019 to 04 Apr 2023
(2023-04 - 2023-05)

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State
Yes

Sources: Constitution, section 77

Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
0
(2023)
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation
The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree
Parliament

Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation

There is a procedure for introducing emergency legislation into parliament
Yes
Number of times the procedure for emergency legislation was used, per year
0

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No