United Kingdom

House of Commons

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
IPU membership

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.


Election date(s)
04 Jul 2024
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
30 May 2024
Timing of election
Early elections
Expected date of next elections
31 Jul 2029


The Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 specified that elections should ordinarily take place on 'the first Thursday in May' in every fifth year, but this Act was repealed in March 2022.
The maximum term of a Parliament is five years from the day on which it first meets. This Parliament is expected to meet first on 9 July 2024. Polling day would be expected to take place 25 days after a Parliament is dissolved, not counting weekends or any bank holidays that fall within those 25 days.

Number of seats at stake
Scope of elections
Full renewal


Total number of candidates
Number of male candidates
Number of female candidates
Number of other candidates
Percentage of women candidates


About the election

Mr. Keir Starmer’s Labour Party won a landslide victory, winning 411 seats in the 650-member House of Commons, thereby regaining power after 14 years in opposition. Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s Conservative Party sharply reduced its share of seats from 365 in 2019 to 121, its worst score. The Liberal Democrats, led by Mr. Ed Davey, came a distant third with 72 seats. The percentage of women in the House of Commons reached a record 40.5%, up from 33.8% in 2019. On 5 July, Mr. Sunak tendered his resignation to King Charles III. The King then invited Mr. Starmer to form a new government.

Snap elections in 2024 followed the COVID-19 pandemic and were held against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine, which has triggered a global surge in energy and food prices. On 22 May, Prime Minister Sunak (see note) announced that he would call a general election for 4 July. Elections had been due by January 2025. The major electoral issues in 2024 included the economy, the high cost of living, migration, tax reforms and the public health-care system.

Since the 2019 elections, the country has had three prime ministers, all from the Conservative Party. Mr. Boris Johnson (July 2019 – September 2022) was succeeded by Ms. Liz Truss (September – October 2022) and then by Mr. Rishi Sunak in October 2022. Mr. Sunak is the first British Asian person to assume the premiership.

Number of parties winning seats
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
Alternation of power after elections
Number of parties in government
Names of parties in government
Labour Party

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Labour Party 411
Conservative Party 121
Liberal Democrats 72
Scottish National Party 9
Sinn Féin 7
Democratic Unionist Party 5
Reform UK 5
Green Party 4
Plaid Cymru 4
Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) 2
Trade Unionist Voice 1
Alliance Party 1
Ulster Unionist Party 1
Independents 6
The Speaker 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
Number of women elected
Percentage of women elected
Women Directly Elected
Other notes on the elections

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
Total number of women after the election
Percentage of women after the election
First-term parliamentarians
No information available
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
No information available
Date of the first session
09 Jul 2024

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Sir Lindsay Hoyle (Male)
Date of birth: 10 Jun 1957
Date of election
04 Nov 2024

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
List of values for 2020-09
List of values for 2019-04
List of values for 2018-06