United Kingdom

House of Commons

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
When the election results are declared
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
On the last day of the chamber’s term (including in the case of early dissolution)
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Seventh
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
Yes

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
No
There is a Code of conduct for members
Yes

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
86,584 GBP
(2023)

Notes: Salary at 1 April each year, except 2015, when the new rate was implemented on 8 May 2015.

Basic salary, per year in PPP
127,329
(2023)
Basic allowances
No information available
Names of the basic allowances
No information available
Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
Yes

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
Yes
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes:

Staffing and business costs.

MPs’ scheme of allowances outlined here: https://www.theipsa.org.uk/publications/the-scheme

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes
Committee Chair Yes

Notes:

Speaker: GBP 160,832

First Depurty Speaker - GBP 123,913

Second Deputy Speaker: GBP 119,330

Committee Chairs: GBP 98,354

The following leadership positions also receive additional salaries / allowances:

Government Chief Whip, Government Deputy Chief Whip, Government Whip, Assistant Government Whip, Leader of the Opposition, Opposition Chief Whip, Deputy Chief Opposition Whip, Assistant Opposition Whip, Chairman of Ways and Means

Salary of the Speaker
No information available
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
No
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount

Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (IPSA).

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
No
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Other

Notes: While the level of MPs’ pay is not determined by reference to another salary scale, annual increases in MPs’ pay are set by IPSA which has stated that it will usually link these to an official statistic on changes to public sector pay from the UK Office for National Statistics.

Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website
Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Must be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
Members for whom data is available
650
(2019)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No