United Kingdom

House of Commons

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Structure

Data on parliamentary sessions, parliamentary committees and parliamentary groups.

Sessions

Number of ordinary sessions of parliament per year
One

Dates of parliamentary sessions

Dates of parliamentary sessions
Parliament is usually in ordinary session Extraordinary sessions can be held
January x x
February x x
March x x
April x x
May x x
June x x
July x x
August x
September x x
October x x
November x x
December x x
Number of days the parliament/chamber met in plenary, per year
143
(2023)

Notes: Figures are calculated by parliamentary session, not by calendar year. For e.g., figures refer to a session running from 11 May 2021 to 28 April 2022.

All languages recognized in the constitution can be used in plenary meetings
No information available

Committees

Number of permanent committees
37
(2019-12)
Number of permanent joint committees in bicameral parliaments
6
(2019-12 - 2024-07)

Parliamentary groups

Parliamentary groups are recognized in the parliamentary rules
Yes
Number of parliamentary groups
8
(2023)
Minimum number of members required to form a parliamentary group
Not applicable

Notes: There are no UK provisions for ‘Party Groups’ in the sense recognised in many other Parliaments, but of course MPs operate through their parties, thus figures refer in practice to individual parties. In the House of Commons, this is the number of parties that won seats in the previous General Election (excluding the House of Commons Speaker).

There is a minimum number of members to form a parliamentary group
No
Percentage of members required to form a parliamentary group
0%
(2013)
Independent members can jointly form a parliamentary group
Yes
Not applicable. There are no independent members in this parliament/chamber
No
Several parties can jointly form a parliamentary group
Yes
Relevant provisions about parliamentary groups in the parliamentary rules of procedure

There are no provisions. ‘Party Groups’ in the sense recognised in many other Parliaments are not recognised, but of course MPs operate through their parties; the above answers refer in practice to individual parties.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No