Guatemala

Congress of the Republic

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Congreso de la República (Congress of the Republic)
Chamber name
Congreso de la República (Congress of the Republic)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1961 to 1962
from 1979 to 1981
from 1986
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title
President of the Congress of the Republic
Speaker
Nery Abilio Ramos y Ramos (Male)
Date of birth: 12 May 1979
Term
18 Jan 2024
Additional information

Elected on 18 Jan. 2024.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Legislative Director (Director Legislativo)
Secretary General
Marvin Adolfo Alvarado Andres (Male)
Term
No information available

Members

Statutory number of members
160
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
160
Current number of members
160
Men
128
Women
32
Percentage of women
20.0%
Population (in thousands)
17,608
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
110,050

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
47.0
(2024-01)
Youngest member
Napoleón Castillo Santos (Male)
Youngest member (years)
19
Oldest member
Adela Ana María del Rosario Camacho Sinibaldi de Torrebiarte (Female)
Oldest member (years)
70
Number of members, by age (2024-01)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 1 7 22 17 18 41 20 0 0 0 126
Female 0 3 14 3 6 6 1 1 0 0 34
Totals per age interval 1 10 36 20 24 47 21 1 0 0 160
Total <= 45: 67 Total >= 46: 93
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
6.9% 5.0% 1.9%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
29.4% 19% 10.6%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
41.9% 29% 12.5%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Voluntary political party quotas.

Sources: cf. individual party statutes.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No