Honduras

National Congress

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
28 Nov 2021
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections
30 Nov 2025
Number of seats at stake
128
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Voter turnout

Registered voters
5,182,425

Results

About the election

The Liberty and Refoundation Party (LIBRE) came first, winning 50 seats in the 128-member Congress – six more than the ruling National Party (PN). The Salvador de Honduras Party (PSH) took 10 seats. PSH is led by Mr. Salvador Nasralla and backed the presidential bid of Ms. Xiomara Castro (LIBRE, see note). Ms. Castro won the presidential elections held in parallel with the parliamentary polls, promising to tackle powerful drug trafficking gangs and liberalize strict abortion laws. Her election ended the PN’s 12-year rule in both the Congress and the presidency.

On 27 January 2022, Ms. Castro was sworn in as President, thereby becoming the first woman in Honduras to assume the presidency. She succeeded President Juan Orlando Hernández (PN).

Note:

Ms. Castro is the wife of former President Manuel Zelaya. The military removed him from office in 2009, shortly after the Congress started impeachment proceedings against him.

Number of parties winning seats
6
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
39.1%
Alternation of power after elections
Yes
Number of parties in government
2
Names of parties in government
Liberty and Refoundation Party (LIBRE), Salvador de Honduras Party (PSH)

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Liberty and Refoundation Party (LIBRE) 50
National Party (PN) 44
Liberal Party (PL) 22
Salvador de Honduras Party (PSH) 10
Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (PDCH) 1
Anti-Corruption Party (PAC) 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
93
Number of women elected
35
Percentage of women elected
27.3%
Women Directly Elected
35
Other notes on the elections

Note on the expected date of next elections:

In accordance with Article 159 of the Electoral Law, general elections take place on the last Sunday of November in the year before the constitutional period ends.

Note on the First Speaker of the new legislature:

During the 2021 presidential elections, Ms. Castro reached an agreement with Mr. Nasralla (PSH), who stood aside from the race to support her candidacy. The agreement provided that the President of the Congress would be elected from the PSH, a decision contested by some LIBRE members.

Two presidents of the Congress were elected prior to the first session of the newly elected legislature: Mr. Luis Redondo (PSH), who is backed by Ms. Castro; and Mr. Jorge Calix, nominated by LIBRE. The new legislature, which began on 25 January 2022, was paralyzed due to a row over its presidency.

Sources

Permanent Mission of the Republic of Honduras to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva (18.01.2022, 02.02.2022)

La Gaceta Num. 35,808 (28 de diciembre del 2021)

https://www.tse.hn

https://resultadosgenerales2021.cne.hn

BBC Monitoring

BBC

https://www.facebook.com/congresonacionalhn

https://www.laprensa.hn

https://www.france24.com/en

https://www.washingtonpost.com

https://www.libre.hn

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
93
Total number of women after the election
35
Percentage of women after the election
27.3%
First-term parliamentarians
No information available
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
No information available
Date of the first session
21 Jan 2022

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Luis Rolando Redondo Guifarro (Male)
Political party
Salvador de Honduras Party (PSH)
Date of election
25 Jan 2022

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No