Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Assemblée nationale (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Sénat (Senate)
Structure & status of parliament
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
6

Notes: Parliamentary term: 6 years; one-third of the membership is renewed every 2 years

Frequency of renewal (years)
2

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1954 to 1959
from 1975 to 1985
from 2012
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC)

Speaker

Official title
No information available
The post of Speaker is currently vacant
Yes
Additional information

10 Jan. 2023 -

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Nelly Boyer Verpile (Female)
Term
31 Dec 2021
Notes

Appointed on 31 Dec. 2021.

Members

Statutory number of members
30
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
30
Current number of members
0
Men
0
Women
0
Percentage of women
0.0%
Statutory number of members per country 
149
Population (in thousands)
11,448
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
76,832

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male No information available
Female
Total <= 45: - Total >= 46: -
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
- - -

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: An amendment to the Constitution establishes a 30% quota for women in all elected and appointed positions at the national level, particularly in the civil service. The amended Constitution also provides for the development of legislation to apply this quota to the political parties. Such legislation is under development but has not established an electoral formula to this effect.

Sources: Constitution, Articles 17.1 et 30.1.1

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
No information available
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No