Hungary

National Assembly

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Országgyülés (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Orszaggyules (National Assembly)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1889 to 1949
from 1954
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the National Assembly
Speaker
László Kövér (Male)
Date of birth: 1959
Term
06 Aug 2010
Additional information

Sworn in on 6 Aug. 2010, re-elected on 6 May 2014, on 8 May 2018 and on 2 May 2022.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Director General
Secretary General
György Such (Male)
Term
No information available

Members

Statutory number of members
199

Notes: In addition, there are 12 National Advocates representing national minorities living in Hungary.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
199
Current number of members
199
Men
170
Women
29
Percentage of women
14.6%
Population (in thousands)
9,710
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
48,794

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
53.5
(2022-05)
Youngest member
Miklós Hajnal (Male)
Youngest member (years)
27
Oldest member
Janos Fonagy (Male)
Oldest member (years)
80
Number of members, by age (2022-05)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 4 24 19 22 65 31 5 1 0 171
Female 0 2 7 4 5 7 2 1 0 0 28
Totals per age interval 0 6 31 23 27 72 33 6 1 0 199
Total <= 45: 60 Total >= 46: 139
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
3.0% 2.0% 1.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
18.6% 14% 4.5%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
30.2% 24% 6.5%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Voluntary political party quotas

Sources: Cf. individual party statutes.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No