Hungary

National Assembly

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
08 Apr 2018
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Number of seats at stake
199
Scope of elections
No information available

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election
23
Total number of candidates
1,796
Number of male candidates
1,314
Number of female candidates
482
Percentage of women candidates
26.8%

Voter turnout

Registered voters
8,312,173
Voters
5,796,268
Voter turnout
69.7%

Results

About the election

Prime Minister Viktor Orban's Hungarian Civic Union-Christian Democratic People's Party (FIDESZ-KDNP) retained its two-thirds majority in the 199-member National Assembly, and therefore the possibility to amend the Constitution on its own. The far-right Jobbik came in a distant second with 26 seats, followed by the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) - Dialogue for Hungary (Párbeszéd) with 20 seats. Other parties took fewer than 10 seats.

On 8 May, President Janos Ader tasked Mr. Orban with forming a new government. The newly elected National Assembly, convened later the same day, re-elected Mr. Orban as Prime Minister for a third consecutive term.

The 2018 elections were the first to be held after refugee crisis in 2015 and subsequent EU plans to resettle asylum-seekers. In October 2016, a referendum rejecting the EU quota (whereby Hungary would have taken in 1,294 refugees) was invalidated due to a low turnout. The following month, the National Assembly rejected constitutional amendments that would have banned the settlement of refugees in the country. In December 2017, the European Commission took Hungary and two other EU members to the European Court of Justice over their failure to accept their required quotas for refugees.

During the 2018 election campaign, the Prime Minister focused again on migration, promising to protect Hungary from migrants. The FIDESZ-KDNP ran on its record, citing economic growth and lower unemployment, as well as keeping the budget deficit under control. The opposition parties criticized the FIDESZ-KDNP for having curtailed the powers of the constitutional court and increased state control over the media.

Number of parties winning seats
7
Percentage of parties winning seats
30.4%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
66.8%
Alternation of power after elections
No
Number of parties in government
2
Names of parties in government
Hungarian Civic Union (FIDESZ) and Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP)

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Hungarian Civic Union-Christian Democratic People's Party (FIDESZ-KDNP) 133
Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 26
Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP)- Dialogue for Hungary (Párbeszéd) 20
Democratic Coalition (DK) 9
Politics Can Be Different (LMP) 8
Together (EGYÜTT) 1
Representative of the German minority living in Hungary 1
Independents 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
176
Number of women elected
23

Notes:

In addition, of the 12 National Advocates representing national minorities living in Hungary 5 are women.

Percentage of women elected
11.6%
Women Directly Elected
23
Sources

National Assembly (09.05.2018, 18.05.2018, 15.06.2018)

Választási Információs Szolgálat (National Election Office, 10.05.2018, 16.05.2018)

Reuters

AP News

OSCE, Limited Election Observation Mission, 2018

Deutsche Welle

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
176
Total number of women after the election
23
Percentage of women after the election
11.6%
First-term parliamentarians
38
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
19.1%
Date of the first session
08 May 2018

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
László Kövér (Male)
Date of birth: 1959
Political party
Hungarian Civic Union-Christian Democratic People's Party (FIDESZ-KDNP)
Date of election
08 May 2018

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No