Hungary

National Assembly

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
81
(2022)
Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
597
(2022-05)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
525
(2022-05)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
72
(2022-05)
Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature
88%
(2022-05)
Dates of the previous legislature
08 May 2018 to 01 May 2022
(2022-05)

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State
Yes

Sources: The Fundamental Law of Hungary, Article 6

Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
2
(2022)
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation
The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination
The legislation is referred to the Constitutional/Supreme Court
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree
Other

Notes:

It depends on the nature of the disagreement. If the Head of State has concerns that the provisions of a piece of legislation are in conflict with the Fundamental Law, the Constitutional Court will decide. However, if the Head of State has no such concerns, but otherwise disagrees, he/she may refer the piece of legislation back to Parliament once. In this case, the Parliament shall reconsider the piece of legislation, but the veto of the Head of State has no binding force, the final decision is made by the Parliament.

The Fundamental Law of Hungary, art. 6 (4) and (5)

Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation

Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No