Hungary

National Assembly

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
At the first sitting of the chamber
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
When the new chamber meets for the first time
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Second
Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
Yes
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
No

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
Yes
Speaker's term
4 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
1 October (at the beginning of each session (1 October). However, the summer session will be convened in late May in the year when the elections are held in Spring. The first session after the general elections lasts from late May to 30 September.

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes, except for flagrant delicto

Notes: mp’s can be arrested in case of flagrant delicto. however, prosecution against mp’s can only be started and pursued with prior permission given by parliament.

There is a Code of conduct for members
No

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
15,585,600 HUF
(2022)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
94,942
(2022)
Basic allowances
Click for historical data
Basic allowance in PPP
4,555
Names of the basic allowances

Allowance for mobile phone usage (up to 5% of the monthly basic salary of members).

Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
No information available
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
Yes
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
Yes
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
Yes

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
Yes
Housing
Yes
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
Yes

Notes:

- Office equipment for the constituency offices

- Fuel card

Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker Yes
Committee Chair Yes

Notes:

Speaker - 35,750,160 HUF

Deputy Speakers & Deputy of the Speaker - 26,481,600 HUF

Committee Chairs, Notaries & Heads of Parliamentary Groups - 22,509,360 HUF

Salary of the Speaker
35,750,160 HUF
Salary of the Speaker in PPP
245,959
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

Determined by the National Assembly via Act XXXVI of 2012.

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount
No information available
Name of the institution outside parliament which determines the amount
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Other

Notes: The salary amount is calculated automatically on the basis of the previous year’s statistical average monthly salary in the Hungarian national economy published by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office.

Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website

https://www.parlament.hu/web/guest/aktiv-kepviseloi-nevsor

Click on each MP's profile to find a data sheet with various information. Under the heading entitled "Képviselői javadalom” the amount of the salary paid to the MP and date is valid for can be found.

Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Can be a member of parliament
Number of members of the parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data
Members for whom data is available
199
(2022)
Percentage of members of parliament/chamber who are also members of the government
Click for historical data

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No