India

House of the People

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
25
(2022)
Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
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Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
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Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
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Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature
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Dates of the previous legislature
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Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation
Other

Notes: Article 108 of the Constitution of India provides for a joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament which may be summoned by the President for resolving a disagreement between the two Houses on a Bill. There is, however, no provision for joint sitting on a Money Bill and a Constitution Amendment Bill. In case of Money Bill, after it is passed by the House of the People it is transmitted to the Council of States for its recommendations and the Council of States shall return the Bill to the Lower House within a period of 14 days from the date of the receipt of the Bill.

Sources: Constitution, Article 108 and 109

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State
Yes

Sources: Constitution, Article 111

Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
0
(2022)

Notes:

Article 111 of the Constitution of India relates to assent to Bills.

If the President withholds assent of a Bill -- if it is not a Money Bill -- it is returned to parliament to reconsider along with any specified provisions, desired amendments, and or recommendations. The Houses shall reconsider the Bill accordingly. If it is passed again by both Houses with or without amendment, the President cannot withhold assent. Moreover, the President is bound to give assent to Constitution Amendment Bills.

Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation
No further action is taken. The legislation is rejected
The legislation is returned to Parliament for re-examination
Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree
Not applicable

Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation

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Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No