Japan

House of Councillors

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Administration

Parliamentary and State budget

Legal document(s) specifying parliament’s power over its budget
Other

Notes:

Diet Law, Article 32.

Public Finance Law, Articles 17-21.

Responsibility for preparing the proposal for the parliamentary budget
Parliament and the Executive together
Decision-making about the maximum amount of the parliamentary budget
Parliament decides the maximum amount of the budget
Decision-making about the allocation of the parliamentary budget
Parliament decides how to allocate the budget
National currency
Japanese Yen (JPY)
PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) conversion factor
97.57
(2022)
Parliament’s budget, per year
107,815,000,000 JPY
(2022)
Parliament’s budget, per year in PPP
1,052,572,489
(2022)
Offices included in the parliamentary budget
National Library
Other institutions

Notes: Judge Indictment Committee and Judge Impeachment Court.

Budget for the chamber
41,310,000,000 JPY
(2022)
Chamber budget, per year in PPP
423,388,337
There is a separate budget for each chamber in a bicameral parliament
Yes
(2023)
State budget, per year
108,093,000,000 JPY
(2023)
Proportion of the State budget devoted to parliament, per year
Click for historical data

Parliamentary staff

The parliamentary administration is independent from the government
Yes
Parliament has control over the recruitment of parliamentary staff
Yes
There is one or more gender equality policy that applies to the parliamentary administration
Yes
Links to gender equality policies
Number of staff employed by the parliament (FTE)
3,163
(2022)
Number of staff employed by the chamber (FTE)
1,359
(2022)
Not applicable. The staff work for the entire parliament.
No

Secretary General

Authority that selects the Secretary General
Other

Notes: each house elects a secretary general, who must not be a member of the diet (diet law, art. 27). if the post of secretary general is vacant on the day of convocation, the house shall hold an election in the same manner as that of the president. the house may, however, delegate the selection of the secretary general to the president (rules of the house of councillors, art. 17).

Chamber/Parliament votes to approve the selection of the Secretary General
Yes
Length of term of the Secretary General
No fixed term
Previous occupation of the current Secretary General
Parliamentary staff

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No