Republic of Korea

National Assembly

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Kuk Hoe (National Assembly)
Chamber name
Kuk Hoe (National Assembly)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1964
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the National Assembly
Speaker
Won Shik Woo (Male)
Date of birth: 18 Sep 1957
Term
05 Jun 2024 to 29 May 2026
Additional information

Elected on 5 June 2024.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Minki Kim (Male)
Term
27 Jun 2024
Notes

Appointed on 27 June 2022.

Members

Statutory number of members
300
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
300
Current number of members
300
Men
240
Women
60
Percentage of women
20.0%
Population (in thousands)
51,830
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
172,767

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
56.3
(2024-05)
Youngest member
Yong-Gi Jeon (Male)
Youngest member (years)
32
Oldest member
Jie-Won Park (Male)
Oldest member (years)
81
Number of members, by age (2024-05)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male No information available
Female
Total <= 45: - Total >= 46: -
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
- - -
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
- - -

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Legislated candidate quotas. For the 56 seats allocated by proportional representation (multi-member national constituency), political parties must include 50 percent women on their candidate lists. For the election of members to represent the Assembly’s 243 single-member constituencies, it is recommended that political parties include at least 30% women candidates.

Sources: Public Official Election Act.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No