Kazakhstan

House of Representatives

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Parlament (Parliament)
Chamber name
Mazhilis (House of Representatives)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1993
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Eurasia Group

Speaker

Official title
Chairman of the Mazhilis of Parliament
Speaker
Yerlan Koshanov (Male)
Date of birth: 14 Aug 1962
Term
01 Feb 2022
Additional information

Elected on 1 Feb. 2022, re-elected on 29 March 2023.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Head of the Administration of the Mazhilis of the Parliament
Secretary General
Renat Aitayev (Male)
Term
04 Feb 2022
Notes

Appointed on 4 Feb. 2022.

Members

Statutory number of members
98
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
98
Current number of members
98
Men
79
Women
19
Percentage of women
19.4%
Statutory number of members per country 
148
Population (in thousands)
19,196
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
Click for historical data

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
49.0
(2023-03)
Youngest member
Dinara Naumova (Female)
Youngest member (years)
25
Oldest member
Baktykozha Izmukhambetov (Male)
Oldest member (years)
74
Number of members, by age (2023-03)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 3 19 10 9 29 9 1 0 0 80
Female 0 1 2 4 5 3 3 0 0 0 18
Totals per age interval 0 4 21 14 14 32 12 1 0 0 98
Total <= 45: 39 Total >= 46: 59
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
4.1% 3.1% 1.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
25.5% 22% 3.1%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
39.8% 33% 7.1%
Members for whom age data is not available
1
(2021-01 - 2021-11)

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Other groups
-

Notes: 9 seats are reserved for representatives of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan

Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes:

At least 30% of the total number of candidates on a party list must belong to three categories: women, youth*, and people with disabilities. During the distribution of seats, at least 30% of deputies must be representatives of these three categories.

*People under 35 years of age.

Sources:

Articles 89.4 and 97-1.5 of the 1995 Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan, amended by No. 156-VII, dated 5 November 2022, which came into effect on 1 January 2023:

https://adilet.zan.kz/eng/docs/Z950002464_

Youth quota
Yes

Notes:

At least 30% of the total number of candidates on a party list must belong to three categories: women, youth*, and people with disabilities. During the distribution of seats, at least 30% of deputies must be representatives of these three categories.

*People under 35 years of age.

Sources:

Articles 89.4 and 97-1.5 of the 1995 Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan, amended by No. 156-VII, dated 5 November 2022, which came into effect on 1 January 2023:

https://adilet.zan.kz/eng/docs/Z950002464_

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No