Latvia

Parliament

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Saeima (Parliament)
Chamber name
Saeima (Parliament)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1923 to 1935
from 1991
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of Parliament
Speaker
Daiga Mieriņa (Female)
Date of birth: 03 Mar 1969
Term
20 Sep 2023
Additional information

Elected on 20 Sept. 2023.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Lelde Rafelde (Female)
Term
01 Jun 2017
Notes

Appointed on 1 July 2017.

Members

Statutory number of members
100
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
100
Current number of members
100
Men
68
Women
32
Percentage of women
32.0%
Population (in thousands)
1,874
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
18,740

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
48.1
(2022-11)
Youngest member
Ilja Ivanovs (Male)
Youngest member (years)
23
Oldest member
Aleksandrs Kirsteins (Male)
Oldest member (years)
74
Number of members, by age (2022-11)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 5 21 6 9 19 10 1 0 0 71
Female 0 1 7 3 3 9 5 1 0 0 29
Totals per age interval 0 6 28 9 12 28 15 2 0 0 100
Total <= 45: 43 Total >= 46: 57
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
6.0% 5.0% 1.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
34.0% 26% 8.0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
43.0% 32% 11.0%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
No
Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No