Mongolia

State Great Hural

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Unicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
28 Jun 2024
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Expected date of next elections
30 Jun 2028
Number of seats at stake
126
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Candidates

Number of parties contesting the election
21

Notes: 19 political parties and 2 coalitions

Total number of candidates
1,341

Results

About the election

Prime Minister Oyun-Erdene Luvsannamsrai’s Mongolian People's Party (MPP) won a smaller majority in the 126-member State Great Hural (see note) compared to its performance in 2019. The opposition Democratic Party (DP), led by former Education Minister Luvsannyamyn Gantumur, won 42 seats. Three other parties shared the remaining 16 seats. The percentage of women increased from 17.3% in 2019 to 25.4% in 2024. On 2 July, President Khurelsukh Ukhnaa (MPP) opened the first session of the newly elected State Great Hural. On 8 July, the MPP formed a coalition government with the DP and the HUN Party, which had taken eight seats.

The 2024 elections were held amid an economic downturn linked to the COVID-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine. Mongolia’s livestock herders were also hit by severe weather and drought, which killed over 7 million animals in 2024. The key electoral issues included corruption, the economy, unemployment and inflation.

Note:
In May 2023, the State Great Hural adopted the Law on Amendments to the Constitution, which raised the statutory number of members from 76 to 126, and reintroduced a mixed electoral system (instead of a majority system). As a result, 78 members are now elected under a majority system (from 13 constituencies) while 48 are elected under proportional representation.

Number of parties winning seats
5
Percentage of parties winning seats
23.8%
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
54.0%
Alternation of power after elections
No
Number of parties in government
3
Names of parties in government
Mongolian People's Party (MPP), Democratic Party (DP), HUN Party

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Mongolian People's Party (MPP) 68
Democratic Party (DP) 42
HUN Party 8
National Alliance 4
Civil Will – Green Party 4
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
94
Number of women elected
32
Percentage of women elected
25.4%
Women Directly Elected
32
Sources

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
94
Total number of women after the election
32
Percentage of women after the election
25.4%
First-term parliamentarians
No information available
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
No information available
Date of the first session
02 Jul 2024

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Dashzegve Amarbayasgalan (Male)
Date of birth: 27 Nov 1981
Political party
Mongolian People's Party (MPP)
Date of election
02 Jul 2024

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No