Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
IPU membership

Data on women

Information on the current and historical representation of women in the parliament. Consult the 'Elections' tab to see how women have fared in elections or renewals.

Current representation

Women's representation in the current parliament or chamber

Current number of members
Click for historical data
Percentage of women


Ana Lilia Rivera Rivera (Female)
Date of birth: 14 Feb 1973

Secretary general

No information available

Chairs of specialized bodies

Specialized body Theme Name Sex Age
Committee for Human Rights Human rights Kenia López Rabadán Female 49
Commission on Gender equality Gender equality Martha Lucia Micher Camarena Female 69
Special Commission in charge of monitoring cases of feminicides of girls and adolescents Gender equality Martha Guerrero Sánchez Female -

Data on age at the start of the legislature

Number of members, by age (2018-09)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 0 5 9 6 18 13 7 0 0 58
Female 0 2 8 6 6 10 9 2 0 1 44
Totals per age interval 0 2 13 15 12 28 22 9 0 1 102
Total <= 45: 30 Total >= 46: 72
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
2.0% 0.0% 2.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
14.7% 5% 9.8%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
29.4% 14% 15.7%
Members for whom age data is not available

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Electoral quota for women


Article 3.1. d bis) of the April 2020 Decree (DOF: 13/04/2020)* stipulates gender parity requirements, which require 50% of candidates to be women and 50% to be men for positions filled through popular election and the same percentages for those appointed to their positions.

*DECREE reforming and supplementing various provisions of the General Law on Women's Access to a Life Free of Violence (Ley General de Acceso de las Mujeres a una Vida Libre de Violencia), the General Law on Electoral Institutions and Procedures (Ley General de Instituciones y Procedimientos Electorales), the General Law on the Electoral Disputes System (Ley General del Sistema de Medios de Impugnación en Materia Electoral), the General Law on Political Parties (Ley General de Partidos Políticos), the General Law on Electoral Offences (Ley General en Materia de Delitos Electorales), the Organic Law on the Federal Attorney General's Office (Ley Orgánica de la Fiscalía General de la República), the Organic Law on the Federal Judicial Branch (Ley Orgánica del Poder Judicial) and the General Law on Administrative Responsibilities (Ley General de Responsabilidades Administrativas).

Legislated candidate quotas


DOF: 13/04/2020:

Legislated candidate quotas: Articles 219 and 220 of the Federal Code for Electoral Institutions and Procedures (Código Federal de Instituciones y Procedimientos Electorales, COFIPE).

First woman in parliament

Year of first woman in parliament

Notes: 1952: The first ever woman in the Parliament of Mexico was appointed after the creation of a new state, Baja California; the first elected women in Parliament were in July 1955, 4 women out of 162 Lower House members; the first women in the Upper House were elected in July 1964, 2 women out of 60 Upper House members

First woman speaker

Year of first woman speaker

Women’s suffrage

Women’s right to vote
Restricted or universal suffrage
Women's right to stand for election
Restricted or universal
No information available

Women's caucus

Women's caucuses or parliamentary groups that bring together women parliamentarians to strengthen cooperation and amplify their voices. For other parliamentary bodies or committees that have a specific mandate to address gender equality matters, see the ‘Specialized body – Gender equality’ tab.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
List of values for 2020-09
List of values for 2019-04
List of values for 2018-06