Mexico

Senate

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Oversight

Oversight tools

Parliament/Chamber has the power to summon members of the government
Yes

Sources: Constitution, art. 77 and 93

Parliament/chamber has the power to summon senior government officials
Yes

Sources: Constitution, art. 77 and 93

Parliament has the power to approve key government appointments
Yes

Sources:

Constitution, Articles 26, 28 76, 78, 96; Senate Rules, Article 243-245

There are many appointments that each of the Chambers has the power to ratify. Figures include Ambassadors and Consuls, as well as various members of the Judiciary, among others.

The Congress also participates in the appointment or ratification of constitutional autonomous bodies.

Approximate number of government appointments subject to parliamentary approval
252
Parliament/chamber has the power to approve key government appointments
Yes
Number of written questions asked, per year
60
(2022)
Number of written questions answered by the government, per year
60
(2022)
Percentage of written questions answered by the government, per year
100.0%
(2022)
Parliament/chamber has power to carry out inquiries
Yes

Sources: Constitution, art. 93

Number of parliamentary inquiries, per year
1
(2020)

Head of State and/or Government

Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of Government
Parliament does not play a role

Sources: Constitution, art. 80

The Head of Government is also the Head of State
Yes
Parliament’s role in the designation of the Head of State
Parliament does not play a role

Sources: Constitution, art. 84 and 85

Impeachment and confidence motions

Parliament is automatically dissolved when a motion of no confidence is adopted
Not applicable
Chambers that can be dissolved when a motion of no confidence is adopted
Not applicable

Impeachment procedure

There is a procedure for parliament to dismiss or impeach the following persons/institution
The Head of State
Individual members of the Executive
Other
Chambers that play a role in the dismissal or impeachment
Lower chamber
Upper chamber

Notes:

The following civil servants may be impeached: members of the Senate, members of the House of Representatives, Justices of the Supreme Court of Justice, Councilors of the Federal Judicial Council, Secretaries of State, members of the Federal District’s Assembly of Representatives, the Head of the Federal District Government, the Attorney General of the Nation, the Attorney General of the Federal District, the circuit magistrates, district judges, magistrates and judges of ordinary courts in the Federal District, Councilors of the Federal District’s Judicial Council, the President of the Electoral Council, Electoral Councilors and the Executive Secretary of the National Electoral Institute, magistrates of the Electoral Court, the members of the constitutional autonomous organs, and the general managers of the decentralized agencies, semipublic companies, associations assimilated by semipublic companies and public trusts.

Governors, local representatives, magistrates of the local superior courts and the members of the local judicial councils, as well as the members of the local agencies that the local constitutions and the Federal District Charter grants autonomy may also be impeached.

Sources: Constitution, art. 74(v), 76(vii),108-110 and 114

No confidence processes

There is a procedure for parliament to express no confidence in the following persons/institution
Not applicable (there is no procedure)
Chambers that play a role in motions of no confidence
Not applicable

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No