Mexico

Senate

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Parliamentary mandate

Start and end of mandate

Start of the parliamentary mandate for newly elected members
At a fixed date
Date of start of mandate for newly elected members
No information available
Start of the parliamentary mandate for appointed members
Not applicable
Date of start of mandate for appointed members
No information available
End of the parliamentary mandate
At a fixed date
Date of end of mandate
No information available

Speaker

Mode of designation of the Speaker
The Speaker is elected from among the members of parliament/chamber
Authority that designates the Speaker when the Speaker is designated from outside parliament.
Not applicable
Rank of the Speaker in the hierarchy of the State
Other

Notes: Article 49 of the Constitution, concerning the separation of powers between the three branches of government, permits the Speaker to occupy the position of Head of State, but only under exceptional circumstances.

Speaker becomes interim Head of State in the event of the latter’s death or incapacity
No
Speaker's mandate continues between legislatures
No

Speaker terms

The term of the Speaker is different from the term of the house
No
Speaker's term
1 Years
Fixed election date for the Speaker, if any
1 September

Immunity and code of conduct

Parliament’s authorization is required for the detention or prosecution of members
Yes

Notes: in case of detention or prosecution the speaker must be notified.

There is a Code of conduct for members
No information available

Salaries and allowances

Members are paid salaries by parliament
Yes
(2020)
Basic salary, per year
1,267,200 MXN
(2022)
Basic salary, per year in PPP
122,081
(2022)
Basic allowances
No information available
Names of the basic allowances

End-of-year bonus equivalent to 40 days of salary

Members pay income tax on salaries
Yes
Members pay income tax on allowances
Yes
Members can have remunerated employment outside parliament
No
Members are required to declare income from other employment to parliament
No information available
Additional salaries and allowances provided for leadership positions
No

Facilities, services and allowances for constituency work

Personal staff to work directly for the parliamentarian
Yes
Office at parliament
Yes
Constituency office
No
Housing
No
Other cash or in-kind allowances for constituency work
No
Additional salaries and allowances for leadership positions
List of salaries and allowances for leadership positions
Salary Allowances
Speaker No
Committee Chair No
Salary of the Speaker
No information available
Parliament determines the amount of salaries
Yes
Name of the body (or bodies) in parliament which determines the amount

In plenary.

Parliament determines the amount of allowances
No information available
The parliamentary salary is determined in reference to another salary scale
Yes
Reference scale used for parliamentary salaries
Other

Notes: No public servant may receive remuneration for the performance of his/her function, job or position greater than that established by the President of the Republic in the Expenditure Budget of the Federation (Federal Law on Remuneration of Public Servants, Article 6.1 of November 5, 2018)

Information on salaries and allowances on the parliamentary website
Year data was last reported

2020

Participation in the government

Members of the government must also be members of parliament
Cannot be a member of parliament
Members for whom data is available
102
(2018)

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No