Malaysia

House of Representatives

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Parlimen (Parliament)
Chamber name
Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1967
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Johari Abdul (Male)
Date of birth: 1955
Term
19 Dec 2022
Additional information

Elected on 19 Dec. 2022.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary
Secretary General
Nizam Mydin bin Bacha Mydin (Male)
Term
13 May 2020
Notes

Appointed on 13 May 2020.

Members

Statutory number of members
223

Notes:

Other: the Speaker

The Speaker may be elected either from among elected members of the House of Representatives or from among persons who are qualified for election to the House of Representatives. Any person elected as Speaker who is not a member of the House of Representatives shall, by virtue of holding his office, become a member of the House.

Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
222
Other members
1
Current number of members
222
Men
192
Women
30
Percentage of women
13.5%
Statutory number of members per country 
293
Population (in thousands)
33,574
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
Click for historical data

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Youngest member
Mohamed Taufiq bin Johari (Male)
Youngest member (years)
26
Oldest member
Henry Sum Agong (Male)
Oldest member (years)
80
Number of members, by age (2022-12)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 2 21 24 23 62 50 9 1 0 192
Female 0 0 5 6 2 12 4 1 0 0 30
Totals per age interval 0 2 26 30 25 74 54 10 1 0 222
Total <= 45: 58 Total >= 46: 164
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.9% 0.9% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
12.6% 10% 2.3%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
26.1% 21% 5.0%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Voluntary political party quotas.

Sources: Cf. individual party statues.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No