Malaysia

House of Representatives

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Data on women

Information on the current and historical representation of women in the parliament. Consult the 'Elections' tab to see how women have fared in elections or renewals.

Current representation

Women's representation in the current parliament or chamber

Current number of members
222
Women
30
Percentage of women
13.5%

Speaker

No information available

Secretary general

No information available

Chairs of specialized bodies

Specialized body Theme Name Sex Age
Women, Children and Community Development Committee Gender equality Bee Yin Yeo Female 40

Data on age at the start of the legislature

Number of members, by age (2022-12)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 2 21 24 23 62 50 9 1 0 192
Female 0 0 5 6 2 12 4 1 0 0 30
Totals per age interval 0 2 26 30 25 74 54 10 1 0 222
Total <= 45: 58 Total >= 46: 164
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.9% 0.9% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
12.6% 10% 2.3%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
26.1% 21% 5.0%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Voluntary political party quotas.

Sources: Cf. individual party statues.

First woman in parliament

Year of first woman in parliament
1959

First woman speaker

Year of first woman speaker
Not applicable

Notes: No woman has occupied the function of Speaker in the country.

Women’s suffrage

Date of independence
1957
Women’s right to vote
1957
Restricted or universal suffrage
Universal
Women's right to stand for election
1957
Restricted or universal
No information available

Women's caucus

Women's caucuses or parliamentary groups that bring together women parliamentarians to strengthen cooperation and amplify their voices. For other parliamentary bodies or committees that have a specific mandate to address gender equality matters, see the ‘Specialized body – Gender equality’ tab.

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No