Malaysia

House of Representatives

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Law-making

Data on parliament’s law-making role and activities

Legislative activity

Number of laws adopted by parliament, per year
21
(2021)
Total number of laws adopted by Parliament in the previous legislature
132
(2018-07 - 2022-10)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by parliament
0
(2018-07 - 2022-10)
Number of laws adopted in the previous legislature that were initiated by the government
132
(2018-07 - 2022-10)
Percentage of laws initiated by parliament in the previous legislature
0%
(2018-07 - 2022-10)
Dates of the previous legislature
16 Jul 2018 to 10 Oct 2022
(2018-07 - 2022-10)
Outcome when the two chambers cannot agree on a piece of draft legislation
The decision of the lower chamber will take effect after a certain deadline

Sources: Constitution, art. 68

Executive-legislative relations

Legislation adopted by parliament requires the assent of the Head of State
No

Sources:

Constitution, art. 66 (4-4A)

Once a bill passes, it is presented to the Yang di–Pertuan Agong for assent which must be given within 30 days. If assent is not given within 30 days, the bill automatically becomes an Act.

Number of times the Head of State declined to give assent to legislation, per year
No information available
Consequences when the Head of State declines to give assent to legislation
Not applicable

Notes: Article 66(4) & (4A) of the Federal Constitution states that the Bill will become a law at the expiration of the 30 days period, should the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Head of State), for whatever reason fail to give assent to the Bill within the specified period.

Final decision when parliament and the Head of State do not agree
Not applicable

Notes:

A bill becomes an Act after a certain timeframe

Constitution, art. 66(4)

Existence of a procedure to introduce emergency legislation

No information available

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No