Netherlands

House of Representatives

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Staten-Generaal (States General)
Chamber name
Tweede Kamer der Staten-Generaal (House of Representatives)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
4

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1890
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Twelve Plus Group

Speaker

Official title
President of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Martin Bosma (Male)
Date of birth: 16 Jul 1964
Term
14 Dec 2023
Additional information

Elected on 14 Dec. 2023.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Peter Oskam (Male)
Term
19 Dec 2023
Notes

Sworn in on 19 Dec. 2023.

Members

Statutory number of members
150
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
150
Current number of members
150
Men
91
Women
58
Percentage of women
38.7%
Other
1
Statutory number of members per country 
225
Population (in thousands)
17,502
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
77,787

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
45.2
(2023-12)
Youngest member
Habtamu de Hoop (Male)
Youngest member (years)
25
Oldest member
Raymond de Roon (Male)
Oldest member (years)
71
Number of members, by age (2023-12)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 10 29 13 9 21 7 1 0 0 90
Female 0 1 12 13 18 13 2 0 0 0 59
Other 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Totals per age interval 0 11 42 26 27 34 9 1 0 0 150
Total <= 45: 79 Total >= 46: 71
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
7.3% 6.7% 0.7%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
35.3% 26% 8.7%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
52.7% 35% 17.3%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Voluntary political party quotas.

Sources: cf. individual party statutes.

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No