Nepal

House of Representatives

Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Sanghiya Sansad (Federal Parliament)
Chamber name
Pratinidhi Sabha (House of Representatives)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
5

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1967
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Dev Raj Ghimire (Male)
Date of birth: 26 May 1956
Term
19 Jan 2023
Additional information

Elected on 19 Jan. 2023.

Speaker terms

No information available

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Padma Prasad Pandey (Male)
Term
06 Feb 2024
Notes

Appointed on 6 Feb. 2024.

Members

Statutory number of members
275
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
275
Current number of members
272
Men
182
Women
90
Percentage of women
33.1%
Statutory number of members per country 
334
Population (in thousands)
30,035
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
89,925

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Number of members, by age (2023-01)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 2 6 17 19 73 52 14 1 0 184
Female 0 6 18 14 19 22 10 2 0 0 91
Totals per age interval 0 8 24 31 38 95 62 16 1 0 275
Total <= 45: 63 Total >= 46: 212
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
2.9% 0.7% 2.2%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
11.6% 3% 8.7%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
22.9% 9% 13.8%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Other groups
-

Notes: Women: one-third of total members elected from each party represented in the Federal Parliament, Constitution Art. 84(8) + Election for the Speaker and Deputy-Speaker shall be so held that there is one woman out of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker (Constitution, art. 91)

Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes:

Each party must ensure that the number of women candidates is at least one third of the total number of candidates to be fielded by a political party in the proportional elections and in the first-past-the-post electoral system (Constituent Assembly Ordinance 2013).

If the lists of candidates submitted for the election fail to meet the quota rule, the Commission will return the list to the party concerned in order to align the list with the gender quota regulation. in case of non- compliance, the list will be rejected

Sources: The Constitution and Electoral Law

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
No information available
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution
No information available

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No