Political system
Parliamentary system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Sanghiya Sansad (Federal Parliament)
Chamber name
Rastriya Sabha (National Assembly)
Structure & status of parliament
Upper chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
6

Notes: Parliamentary term: 6 years; one-third of the membership is renewed every two years

Frequency of renewal (years)
2

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1967
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title
Chairperson of the National Assembly
Speaker
Narayan Prasad Dahal (Male)
Date of birth: 24 Feb 1956
Term
12 Mar 2024 to 03 Mar 2028
Additional information

Elected on 12 March 2024.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Padma Prasad Pandey (Male)
Term
06 Feb 2024
Notes

Appointed on 6 Feb. 2024.

Members

Statutory number of members
59

Notes:

- 56 members (8 per province) elected by an electoral college comprising members of the Provincial Assembly, chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of village councils, and mayors and deputy mayors of municipal councils, who will have different weights of votes. The eight members representing each province must include at least three women, one Dalit, and one person with a disability or from a minority.

- Three members, including at least one woman, appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Government.

The term of members is normally six years, with one third of the membership renewed every two years.

As part of transitional measures in the 2015 Constitution, for the first National Assembly established in 2018, one third of members was selected to retire after two years (2020), another one third after four years (2022) and the last third after six years (2024).

Principal mode of designation of members
Indirectly elected
Indirectly elected members
56
Appointed members
3
Current number of members
59
Men
37
Women
22
Percentage of women
37.3%
Statutory number of members per country 
334
Population (in thousands)
30,035
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
89,925

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
Click for historical data
Number of members, by age
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male No information available
Female
Total <= 45: - Total >= 46: -
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
0.0% 0% 0.0%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
5.1% 3% 1.7%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
Yes
Women
4
Other groups
-

Notes:

Constitution, Art. 86 (2)--one Dalit and one from persons with disabilities or minorities, from each State

Constitution, Art 92 (2) -- Election under clause (1) shall be so held that there is one woman out of the Chairperson and the Vice Chairperson of the National Assembly.

Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes:

Constitution, Art. 86 (2)

For women, three are elected by an electoral college composed of members of the State Assembly, chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of the Village Bodies, and Mayors and Deputy-Mayors of the Municipalities, with different weightage of vote by members of the State (61) Assembly, chairpersons and vicechairpersons of the Village Bodies, and Mayors and Deputy-Mayors of the Municipalities, as provided for in the Federal law

Youth quota
No

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
No information available
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
No information available
Constitution
No information available

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No