Philippines

House of Representatives

Political system
Presidential system
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

About parliament

Basic information such as the official name of parliament and details of its structure and leadership. Also includes the current breakdown of MPs by sex and age, and provisions for quotas and reserved seats.

Parliament name
Kongreso (Congress)
Chamber name
Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (House of Representatives)
Structure & status of parliament
Lower chamber
Parliamentary term (years)
3

IPU membership

Affiliation periods
from 1925 to 1937
from 1947 to 1972
from 1979 to 1985
from 1987
IPU Geopolitical Group/s
Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker

Official title
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Speaker
Ferdinand Martin G. Romualdez (Male)
Date of birth: 14 Nov 1963
Term
25 Jul 2022
Additional information

Elected on 25 July 2022.

Speaker terms

Click for historical data

Secretary general

Official title
Secretary General
Secretary General
Reginald S. Velasco (Male)
Term
25 Jul 2022
Notes

Elected on 25 July 2022.

Members

Statutory number of members
316
Principal mode of designation of members
Directly elected
Directly elected members
316
Current number of members
311
Men
226
Women
85
Percentage of women
27.3%
Statutory number of members per country 
340
Population (in thousands)
113,880
Inhabitants per parliamentarian
347,195

Age

Data on the age of parliamentarians is collected at the start of the legislature, following the most recent elections. This data is not updated during the legislature, except when parliament notifies the IPU of a change in the youngest or oldest member.

Average age of all members
51.0
(2022-07)
Youngest member
Jaime D. Cojuangco (Male)
Youngest member (years)
25
Oldest member
Salvador A. Pleyto (Male)
Oldest member (years)
82
Number of members, by age (2022-07)
Breakdown of members by age and gender
18 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 45 46 - 50 51 - 60 61 - 70 71 - 80 81 - 90 91 and over Totals per gender
Male 0 14 28 22 22 77 46 13 3 0 225
Female 0 6 15 13 12 27 9 4 0 0 86
Totals per age interval 0 20 43 35 34 104 55 17 3 0 311
Total <= 45: 98 Total >= 46: 213
Percentage of members, by age
Age at the last election or renewal Overall Male Female
Percentage of MPs 30 years of age or younger
6.4% 4.5% 1.9%
Percentage of MPs 40 years of age or younger
20.3% 14% 6.8%
Percentage of MPs 45 years of age or younger
31.5% 21% 10.9%

Reserved seats and quotas

There are reserved seats in parliament for certain groups
No
Electoral quota for women
Yes

Notes: Voluntary political party quotas.

Youth quota
Yes

Notes: Legislated Quota. Legislation provides for a mechanism of proportional representation in the election of representatives to the House of Representatives from national, regional and sectoral parties, organizations or coalitions which are registered with the Commission on Elections. Youth is one of the sectors allowed to participate in this party-list system.

Sources: Republic Act no. 7941 , "Party-List System Law"

Links to additional information

Parliamentary website
List of members
Rules of procedure/Standing Orders
Constitution

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No