Poland

Sejm

Political system
Presidential-Parliamentary
Structure of parliament
Bicameral
IPU membership
Yes

Election results

Data on parliamentary elections, including the background, candidates, voter turnout, results and the formation of the new legislature. By default the latest election results are displayed. Select a date to view results from previous elections.

Background

Election date(s)
13 Oct 2019
Date of dissolution of the outgoing legislature
No information available
Timing of election
Upon normal expiry
Number of seats at stake
460
Scope of elections
Full renewal

Candidates

Total number of candidates
5,111
Number of male candidates
2,959
Number of female candidates
2,152
Percentage of women candidates
42.1%

Voter turnout

Registered voters
30,253,556
Voters
18,678,457
Voter turnout
61.7%

Results

About the election

Former Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński’s Law and Justice party (PiS) retained the majority in the 400-member Sejm, taking 235 seats. However, it failed to retain the majority in the 100-member Senate, winning 48, down from 61 previously. The Civic Coalition (see note 1) took a total of 164 seats in the Sejm and 46 in the Senate. The newly elected Sejm re-elected Ms. Elżbieta Witek (PiS) as its Speaker, while the Senate elected Mr. Tomasz Grodzki – endorsed by the Civic Coalition and independent senators – as its new President. On 8 November, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki (PiS) announced a new government, which was officially appointed by President Andrzej Duda (independent, backed by the PiS) on 15 November.

During election campaigning, the PiS promised to expand its welfare programme and deepen reforms of the judiciary (see note 2). The Civic Coalition focused on health care and democracy. The major parties also focused on the issue of LGBT rights in the Catholic nation of 38 million people.

Note 1:

The Civic Coalition comprised the Civic Platform, Nowoczesna, Polish Initiative and the Green Party, amongst others. It endorsed Deputy Speaker Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska as its premiership candidate, instead of the Civic Platform leader Grzegorz Schetyna.

Note 2:

Critics said the ongoing reforms would erode the independence of the judiciary. On 10 October 2019, the European Commission decided to refer Poland to the Court of Justice of the European Union regarding the new disciplinary regime for Polish judges.

Number of parties winning seats
5
Percentage of seats won by largest party or coalition
51.1%
Alternation of power after elections
No
Number of parties in government
1
Names of parties in government
Law and Justice (PiS)

Parties or coalitions winning seats

Parties or coalitions winning seats
Political group Total
Law and Justice (PiS) 235
Civic Coalition (KO) 134
The Left (Lewica) 49
Polish Coalition (PSL) 30
Confederation Liberty and Independence (KWiN) 11
German Minority 1
Members elected, by sex
Number of men elected
328
Number of women elected
132
Percentage of women elected
28.7%
Women Directly Elected
132
Sources

Sejm (24.10.2019, 13.11.2019)

Krajowe Biuro Wyborcze (National Electoral Office,16.11.2020)

https://wybory.gov.pl/sejmsenat2019/en

http://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm9.nsf/page.xsp/poslowie_poczatek_kad

BBC

BBC Monitoring

OSCE

euronews.com

polandin.com

New legislature

Total number of men after the election
328
Total number of women after the election
132
Percentage of women after the election
28.7%
First-term parliamentarians
142
Percentage of first-term parliamentarians
30.9%
Date of the first session
12 Nov 2019

First Speaker of the new legislature

Personal details for the first Speaker of the new legislature
Elżbieta Witek (Female)
Date of birth: 1957
Political party
Law and Justice (PiS)
Date of election
12 Nov 2019

Historical data for IPU membership

Historical data for IPU membership
Year IPU membership
2020-09
List of values for 2020-09
No
2019-04
List of values for 2019-04
No
2018-06
List of values for 2018-06
No